Orthopedic surgeries like TKR, THR, spinal fusion, rotator cuff repair, and arthroscopic knee surgery are vital for improving mobility and reducing pain. After surgery, patients follow personalized aftercare plans including physical therapy, pain management, and regular check-ups for a full recovery and enhanced quality of life. Recovery times vary but focus on long-term orthopedic health.

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Total Knee Replacement (TKR)

TKR involves replacing a damaged or worn-out knee joint with an artificial implant. It is recommended for severe arthritis, significant knee joint damage, or knee deformities causing pain and limited mobility.


  • Physical Therapy: Essential for regaining strength and mobility.
  • Pain Management: Medications and techniques to manage post-operative pain.
  • Follow-Up Appointments: Regular check-ups to monitor healing and implant function.
  • Recovery Time: Typically 3 to 6 months.

Total Hip Replacement (THR)

THR is a surgical procedure to replace a diseased or damaged hip joint with a prosthetic implant. It is often performed for severe hip arthritis, hip fractures, or conditions causing hip pain and restricted movement.


  • Rehabilitation Exercises: Crucial for hip strength and mobility restoration.
  • Pain Management: Medications and techniques for pain control.
  • Dislocation Prevention: Precautions to prevent implant dislocation.
  • Recovery Time: Typically 6 to 12 weeks.

Spinal Fusion Surgery

Spinal fusion is used to treat various spinal conditions such as degenerative disc disease, spinal deformities (e.g., scoliosis), spinal fractures, and spinal instability. It involves fusing two or more vertebrae to stabilize the spine, reduce pain, and improve spinal alignment.


  • Brace Usage: Wearing a brace to protect and support the fused spine.
  • Physical Therapy: Exercises for spine strength and flexibility.
  • Lifestyle Adjustments: Changes to daily activities for spine health.
  • Recovery Time: Typically 6 months to 1 year.

Rotator Cuff Repair

This surgery addresses tears or injuries to the rotator cuff tendons in the shoulder. Rotator cuff repair aims to relieve pain, restore shoulder function, and improve range of motion, commonly performed using arthroscopic techniques.


  • Physical Therapy: Focuses on shoulder strength and range of motion.
  • Activity Restrictions: Avoiding strenuous activities to prevent strain.
  • Recovery Time: Typically 4 to 6 months.

Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

Arthroscopic procedures for the knee include meniscus repair, ligament reconstruction (e.g., ACL or PCL), and cartilage restoration. These minimally invasive surgeries help treat sports injuries, cartilage damage, and knee instability, promoting faster recovery and reduced post-operative pain.


  • Rehabilitation Exercises: Essential for knee strength and flexibility.
  • Pain Management: Techniques to manage post-operative pain.
  • Post-Operative Guidelines: Follow for optimal healing.
  • Recovery Time: Typically 4 to 6 weeks.

Other treatments

Hallux valgus is a common foot deformity where the big toe angles outward toward the other toes, often causing a bony bump (bunion) on the side of the foot. It can lead to pain, swelling, and difficulty wearing certain shoes.

Hallux rigidus is a condition characterized by stiffness and limited movement in the big toe joint, typically due to arthritis or degenerative changes. It can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty with activities like walking or bending the toe. Treatment may include conservative measures like footwear modifications, orthotics, or surgery in severe cases.


These orthopedic surgeries are crucial for managing musculoskeletal conditions and improving quality of life. Each procedure has specific aftercare protocols and recovery times tailored to restore mobility, reduce pain, and promote long-term orthopedic health.

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